Breast Cancer


Published By: Parvez (Parvez1@gmail.com)
         

Breast cancer is the cancer that develops in the breast cells.  The cancer forms either in the nodules or ducts of the breast. Cancer cells keep multiplying and produce copies that get progressively abnormal.

Today, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and occurs rarely in men. About one in eight women are diagnosed with breast cancer.

Symptoms

Breast cancer shows no symptoms in early stages. In many cases a tumor is too small to be felt. The first usual sign of a breast cancer is the formation of a lump in the breast.

Some of the symptoms that come up later on are:

  • Tissue thickening that feels different than the surrounding tissue
  • Breast pain
  • Swelling in breast
  • Redness over the breast area
  • Bloody discharge from the breast
  • Flaking of skin around breast
  • Sudden change in the shape of breast
  • Nipples get inverted

What causes Breast Cancer?

Doctors have found that lifestyle changes and hormonal problems can be a cause of breast cancer. Let us look at some of the possible risk factors that can cause breast cancer:

Genetic- About 5 to 10 percent of breast cancer is linked to gene mutations passed through generations of a family. If you are diagnosed with breast cancer your doctor will enquire about your family history of cancer.

Radiation exposure- If you ever received radiation treatment on chest, your chances of developing breast cancer increases.

Age- The risk of breast cancer increases with increasing age.

Obesity- If you are fat or obese you can develop breast cancer in future.

Alcohol consumption- If you are someone who drinks alcohol often, then your chances of getting breast cancer increases.

Getting periods at an early age- If you started having periods at less than 12 years of age, you are likely to develop breast cancer.

Breast cancer treatment

In the beginning doctor will determine your cancer’s stage and size. Surgery is the most common treatment for breast cancer. In addition to surgery, most women have a complementary treatment, such as chemotherapy, radiation, or hormone therapy.

Surgery- Surgeries that can be used to remove cancer cells are as follows:

  • Lumpectomy- It is the surgery in which only tumor and surrounding tissue is removed.
  • Mastectomy- In this procedure, a surgeon removes an entire breast. In a double mastectomy, both breasts are removed.
  • Sentinal node biopsy- It is a surgical procedure which determines whether cancer has spread beyond a primary tumor into your lymphatic system. It removes some of the lymph nodes that receive drainage from the tumor.

Chemotherapy- It is a drug treatment used to destroy cancer cells. The hope is that the treatment will shrink the tumor and the surgery will not need to be as invasive. But you should consult your doctor properly before getting this treatment to check whether your body can tolerate this treatment or not.

Medications- Some medications are specifically designed to attack abnormalities of cancer cells. For example, Herceptin (trastuzumab) can block your body’s production of the HER2 protein. HER2 helps breast cancer cells grow, so taking a medication to slow the production of this protein may help slow cancer growth.

 

 

 

 

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